The procedure of skin-whitening involves lowering the melanin pigment in the skin to give it a whiter hue. More melanin is present in people with darker complexions, and the amount of melanin defines a person’s skin color. Melanocytes are the cells that produce melanin. The amount of melanin in a person’s skin is determined by their genetic makeup. The amount of skin injury, exposure to chemicals, and sun exposure all have an impact on melanin formation.
Freckles, age spots, scars, moles, acne, birthmarks, and other issues are frequently treated with skin whitening techniques, as are people who want to have light skin, especially those with darker skin tones. People employ whitening or lightening products like laser therapy, chemical peels, bleaching lotions, and fading creams.
There are numerous treatment options available to help lighten skin. You can choose between a face-lightening process or a skin-lightening treatment on a specific body part, depending on your demands. Some of the most common skin lightening treatments are as follows –
Chemical Peel For Lightening Skin: In this process, a dermatologist will advise applying a solution with alpha-hydroxy acids derived from natural sources to the affected upper layers of skin to exfoliate them. It aids in removing the melanin buildup and makes it possible for healthy tissue to show on the surface. Chemical peels come in three different varieties depending on the concentration: light, medium, and deep. Chemical peels successfully reduce face blemishes, sunburn, and dark spots while also leveling out the skin tone, making them a mild option for whitening discolored skin. Chemical peels are appropriate as a technique to lighten the skin on the face.
Laser Treatment For Skin Lightening: To lessen the melanin buildup in the target area during laser therapy, medical professionals direct a focused beam of light at the affected area. The remaining pigment is gradually removed by the skin’s immune system. As a result, the skin looks younger and more radiant than before. Perfect skin has grown back. Laser therapy sometimes referred to as a laser peel or lasabrasion efficiently helps to address issues with skin pigmentation, black spots, sun damage, and dull skin. Brightening the skin tone on the face and other parts of the body using laser therapy is risk-free.
Arbutin: It is a common component in plenty of skin-lightening and anti-pigmentation products. It is quite good at fading age spots, stretch marks, and freckles while also assisting in skin lightening.
The procedure results in a decrease in melanin and lighter skin. However, the fact is that skin whitening treatments do not completely eliminate melanin, and you should be aware that the results of the procedure are not long-lasting.